Dr Smiti Womens Clinic



Infertility is defined as the inability of a couple to conceive naturally through regular unprotected intercourse. Infertility is also the inability to become pregnant, the inability to uphold a pregnancy, as well as the inability to continue a pregnancy till its full natural term. Research has revealed that most modern couples need the help of a specialist to conceive.

The likelihood of succeeding in pregnancy varies in young, healthy couples.

It is natural for couples to have a strong desire to conceive a child but the time they may choose for this event varies because of the unique situations and circumstances they have to deal with. It is important to understand what constitutes normal fertility to help an individual or a couple and to know whether they suffer from infertility and need professional help from an infertility specialist in Noida Extension.

A high percentage of couples are likely to succeed in their attempts to achieve pregnancy within one year of trying, according to a leading infertility specialist in Greater Noida West. The chances of conception are high during their earlier months of physical companionship. A small percentage of couples conceive in the second year of trying.


The key symptom of infertility is obviously the inability to conceive and get pregnant. However, there are signs that indicate the potential inability of an individual to get pregnant.

In women, the signs that reveal a potential disorder include changes in the menstrual cycle and ovulation. The other symptoms are:

  • Changes in bleeding pattern during menstruation
  • Variation in the number of days between each period with every passing month
  • Sudden and abrupt stoppage of monthly periods
  • Periods accompanied with severe back pain, pelvic pain, and cramping
  • Changes in the appearance of skin, such as a severe breakout of acne or pimples
  • Changes in desire for sex
  • Thinning hair
  • Weight gain

In men, the symptoms of infertility can be vague and may often go unnoticed until the couple tries to have a baby. The signs to look out for are:

  • Erection and ejaculation issues
  • Varying levels of sexual desire
  • Changes in hair growth pattern
  • Small-sized testicles and pain and lump formation in the testes


The main causes of infertility in women are:

  • Abnormalities in the uterus or cervix, such as polyps, uterine fibroids, and genetic abnormalities in the opening of the cervix that may hamper the normal implantation of the fertilized male egg.
  • Disorders in the ovaries that affect the release of eggs. Hormonal disorders too can affect the menstrual cycle and cause infertility.
  • Extreme exercising, injury or tumors, and excessive appetite can also cause infertility in some women.
  • Inflammation of the fallopian tubes can result in blockage of the pathway, thus hampering the fertilization process.
  • Endometriosis, in which the endometrial tissue grows outside of the uterus, may result in improper functioning of the ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes.

Radiation and chemotherapy used for the treatment of cancer of the female reproductive organs can affect fertility and so can other medical conditions such as diabetes, lupus, and genetic abnormalities.

The main causes of infertility in men are:

  • Abnormal sperm production due to genetic or medical issues affecting the testes.
  • Health issues, such as diabetes, or infections, such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, mumps, or HIV, can also impede fertility.
  • Premature ejaculation can affect normal sperm delivery, resulting in infertility.
  • Some type of genetic diseases such as cystic fibrosis, blockage in the testicles, and damage or injury to the reproductive organs can also result in infertility in men.
  • Extreme exposure to external causative factors, such as chemicals and pesticides, smoking or consumption of tobacco, marijuana and certain medications, like specific types of antibiotics, anti-hypertensive drugs, and anabolic steroids, can affect fertility.
  • Sperm production is known to be affected by exposure of the body to heat on a consistent basis.

As in the case of women, any cancer-specific treatment, including radiation or chemotherapy, may impair sperm production, according to the leading infertility specialist in Noida Extension.

Diagnosis and Treatment

The diagnosis of infertility begins with a detailed analysis of the couple’s medical history and their physical examination by a qualified OBGYN in City Plaza.

Medical History

To know the medical history of a couple with an infertility problem, they are interviewed together as well as separately. This can help the medical experts to access their comprehensive medical history, which includes menstrual and obstetric history, and any record of past instances of infertility in the families of both the individuals.

Clinical examination

Detailed and comprehensive clinical examinations of both the partners are required for detecting any underlying physical issues and to make a provisional diagnosis.

For the Female Partner

  • Examination of the ovarian function
  • Hormonal analysis
  • Trans-vaginal ultrasonography for ovulation details and to detect any abnormality in the uterus and adjoining anatomical areas
  • Tests to check the functioning of thyroid, prolactin levels, testosterone, etc.
  • Laparoscopy to check the abdominal and pelvic organs
  • Hysteroscopy to check for lesions in the intrauterine space
  • Tests for suspected genetic disorders

For the Male Partner

  • Serum analysis
  • Hormonal analysis
  • Testicular biopsy to check for obstructive and non-obstructive azoospermia.


Infertility treatment options for men

  • If the diagnosis is a blockage in the tubes that carry sperm or if there is a widening of the veins in the scrotum, then surgery can rectify the problem.
  • If there are any infections in the reproductive organs, they can be treated using antibiotics.
  • To deal with problems such as improper erection or ejaculation, medication and counseling is recommended.
  • Hormone treatments can set right the problems of low or high level of specific types of hormones.

Infertility treatment options for women

  • Fertility drugs and hormones can help restore the levels of hormones and assist in regular ovulation
  • Blockage in fallopian tubes can be corrected by surgery

Other Treatment Options

Infertility in men and woman can also be treated with ART or Assisted Reproductive Technology, such as IUI or Intrauterine Insemination, IVF or In Vitro Fertilization, GIFT or Gamete Intra-Fallopian Transfer, and ZIFT or Zygote Intra-Fallopian Transfer.

Dr. Smiti Jain, the leading infertility specialist in Supertech, has a well-deserved reputation for providing high quality services in the medical areas of gynecology and obstetrics. She has over 10 years of hands-on experience in understanding and diagnosing the different types of infertility problems affecting men and women in India.








Dr. Smiti Jain is a highly skilled Obstetrician and Gynecologist. She is providing quality healthcare to patients through her initiative - Dr. Smiti Women's Clinic. She has rich and extensive experience of more than 10 years of working and learning in private and government setups.


The material in this site is intended to be of general informational use and is not intended to constitute medical advice, probable diagnosis, or recommended treatments.

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Shop# 44, Ground Floor,
Gaur City Plaza, Gaur City 1, Noida Extension,
Greater Noida (West), Uttar Pradesh

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